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Scientific Journal of the Hellenic Companion Animal Veterinary Society (HCAVS)

 

Hellenic Journal of Companion Animal Medicine - Volume 5 - Issue 2 - 2016

Table of Contents

  • Bullet51 1
    Editorial
  • Bullet51 2
    Effect of Enterococcus faecium SF68® (FortiFlora®) administration in dogs with antibiotic responsive or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth diarrhοea
  • Bullet51 3
    The interpretation of erythrogram in dog and cat
  • Bullet51 4
    Simple acid-base disorders (management at the clinic without blood gas analysis)
  • Bullet51 5
    The interpretation of leukogram in dog and cat
  • Bullet51 8
    Instructions for authors

 

Editorial

This current issue of HCAVS presents four valuable scientifi c studies that will assist veterinarians to enrich or refresh their knowledge on subjects that are seldom given proper attention, especially in everyday practice.

The first study deals with a clinical diet in combination with a probiotic supplement in an effort to address gastrointestinal cases of dogs that would have responded to antibiotics.

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The interpretation of erythrogram in dog and cat

> Abstract
Εrythrogram is part of the complete blood count and includes the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, erythrocyte indices (mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration), red cell distribution width, the number and percentage of reticulocytes and erythrocyte morphology. Appropriate blood sampling and handling are essential for the validity of the erythrogram interpretation. Erythrogram major abnormalities are anemia, erythrocytosis/polycythemia, erythrocyte morphologic abnormalities and erythrocyte inclusions.

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The interpretation of leukogram in dog and cat

> Abstract
Leukogram includes total and diff erential white blood cell counts, as well as leukocyte morphology. Appropriate blood sampling and handling are essential for the validity of the leukogram interpretation. Leukocytosis and leukopenia are associated with physiologic or pathologic conditions. From a clinical point of view, neutrophilia, neutropenia, lymphocytosis, lymphopenia, monocytosis and eosinophilia are considered the most important alterations in leukocyte numbers. Neutrophilia and monocytosis usually accompany infl ammatory diseases, but they are also observed in excess of steroids.

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Effect of Enterococcus faecium SF68® (FortiFlora®) administration in dogs with antibiotic responsive or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth diarrhοea

> Abstract
The objective of this study was to assess whether dogs suffering from small intestinal diarrhoea due to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or antibiotic responsive diarrhoea would benefi t from a combination of Purina Veterinary Diets® EN Gastroenteric® Canine Formula and Purina Veterinary Diets® FortiFlora® Canine Probiotic Nutritional Supplement (Enterococcus faecium SF68®). The study involved twenty-six adult dogs presenting with symptoms compatible with chronic small intestinal diarrhoea that could not be attributed to any specifi c cause. The dogs were randomly divided into two groups: A (EN Gastroenteric plus FortiFlora sachet) and B (EN Gastroenteric plus placebo sachet).

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Simple acid-base disorders (management at the clinic without blood gas analysis)

> Abstract
Acid-base balance is an important homeostatic mechanism that focuses on maintaining a constant concentration of hydrogen ions in body fluids and it is expressed by the negative base-10 logarithm of hydrogen ion concentration (pH). The normal ranges of pH are between 7.35 and 7.45. However, when the concentration of H+ rises, a decrease of pH is observed and this condition is called acidosis. Conversely, a decrease in concentration of H+ increases pH, a condition termed alkalosis. When the above disturbances are caused by a change in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (CO2), they are defi ned as respiratory disturbances (respiratory acidosis and respiratory alkalosis), whereas if caused by a change in the concentration of bicarbonate ions (HCO3), they are described as metabolic disturbances (metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis). It is often possible that a combination of two or more disorders may occur (mixed disorders).

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Instructions for authors

The Hellenic Journal of Companion Animal Medicine (H.J.C.A.M.) is a peer-reviewed, bilingual (Greek and English), publication of the Hellenic Companion Animal Veterinary Society (H.C.A.V.S.), which aims at the continuing education of the companion animal practitioners.

Manuscripts should be submitted for review, with the consent that they have not been submitted simultaneously or published in part or in full, to other journals.

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